Buena High School Army JROTC
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Study Guide 

Chain of Command

1. Who is the Commander-in-Chief? Honorable Donald Trump

2. Who is the Secretary of Defense? Honorable Patrick M Shanahan

3. Who is the Secretary of the Army? Mark T. Esper

4. Who is the Chief of Staff of the Army? GEN Mark Miley

5. Who is the Sergeant Major of the Army? SMA Daniel Dailey

6. Who is the TRADOC Commander?  GEN Stephen Townsend

7. Who is the TRADOC CSM? CSM Timothy Guden

8. Who is the Cadet Command Commander? BRIG GEN John R. Evans Jr.

9. Who is the Cadet Command CSM? CSM Kenneth Kraus Jr.

10. Who is the 5th ROTC Brigade Commander? COL Chris Alfieri

11. Who is the 5th ROTC Brigade CSM? CSM George B. Bunn

12. Who is the Battalion Commander? C/LTC Volgende

13. Who is the Battalion XO? C/MAJ Fossee

14. Who is the Battalion CSM? C/CSM Obal


Uniform Maintenance

1. What are the regulations that cover the wear of the uniform? AR670-1 and CCR145-2

2. How is the grade, rank, or ROTC insignia positioned on the gray beret?

Centered on the flash

3. How are ribbons positioned on the male uniform?

1/8 inch above the top of the left pocket, centered horizontally

4. How are ribbons positioned on the female uniform?

On the left side, aligned with the bottom of the nameplate and centered horizontally.

5. How is the nameplate positioned on the male uniform?

On the right pocket centered between the top of the button and the top of the pocket.

6. How is the nameplate positioned on the female uniform?

On the right side, 1-2 inches above the top button, centered horizontally.

7. What are the acceptable colors for female earrings? White, Gold and, Silver

8. What shape must female earrings be? Spherical

9. How are arc pins positioned on the male uniform? 1/8 inch apart and centered on the right pocket.

10. How are the Corps insignia (torches) worn on the male/female class A uniform?

The Corps insignia (torches) are worn centered on both lapels of the coat, parallel to the inside edge of each lapel, and placed so the bottom angle is 1 inch above the notch on the male and 5/8 inch above the female lapel.

11. What color T-shirt is worn under the Army Combat Uniform? Tan or sand.


Cadet Challenge

12. Name the two main running events in the cadet challenge: Mile and Shuttle Run

13. Name an alternate event for the mile run. ½ Mile run or ¼ Mile run

14. What is the time limit for the curl-up? 1 minute

15. What event tests the flexibility of cadets? The Sit and reach

16. What is an alternative for the Curl-ups? The partial Curl-ups

17. What percentile is required to be scored on all cadet challenge events in order to receive the National Physical Fitness Award? 50%

18. What percentile is required to be scored on all cadet challenge events in order to receive the Presidential Physical Fitness Award? 85%


Leadership Theory

1. Various current event questions.

2. What is the mission of JROTC? To motivate young people to be better citizens

3. What NCO position is also in the chain of command? The squad leader

4. What are the Army Values? Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, Personal Courage(LDRSHIP)

5. What is the definition of loyalty? Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. Constitution, the Army, your unit and other Soldiers.

6. What is the definition of duty?Fulfill your obligations.

7. What is the definition of respect? Treat people as they should be treated.

8. What is the definition of selfless service? Put the welfare of the Nation, the Army and your subordinates before your own.

9. What is the definition of honor?Live up to Army values.

10. What is the definition of integrity?Do what’s right, legally and morally.

11. What is the definition of personal courage? Face fear, danger or adversity (physical or moral).

12. What is the definition of leadership? Influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation, while operating to accomplish the mission and improve the organization

13. What are the three general eras of leadership studies? Traits, Behaviors, and Contingency

14. Describe what the traits approach is: idea that leaders are born with special characteristics to lead

15. What are the 3 Behavior Approaches: Democratic Style, Autocratic style, and Laissez-faire style

16. Describe the Democratic Behavior Approach: Leader consults with followers to participate in decision making

17. Describe the Autocratic Behavior Approach: Leader makes the decision alone

18. Describe the Laissez-faire Behavior Approach: Leader provides no direction at all

21. What is the Contingency Approach? The idea that there is no one best way to lead

22. Name at least 3 Principles of Leadership:

  • Know yourself and seek self-improvement

  • Be technically and tactically proficient

  • Know your subordinates and look out for their welfare

  • Keep your subordinates informed

  • Set the example

  • Insure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished

  • Train your subordinates as a team

  • Make sound and timely decisions

  • Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates

  • Employ your command in accordance with its capabilities

  • Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions


Drill and Ceremonies

1. How many inches long is a full marching step? 30

2. How many inches long is a half step? 15

3. How many steps in front of a platoon does the platoon sergeant stand? 3

4. How many steps in front of a platoon does the platoon leader stand? 6

5. How many steps in front of a company does the company commander stand? 12

6. How many steps forward does the third squad of a platoon  take at the command “Open ranks, MARCH”? 0

7. How many steps forward does the second squad of a platoon take at the command “Open ranks, MARCH”? 1

8. How many steps forward does the first squad of a platoon take at the command “Open ranks, MARCH”? 2

9. How many steps per minute are taken at a quick time cadence? 120

10. How many steps per minute are taken at a double time cadence? 180

11. What command is given to return to the position  of attention when the unit is at “Present, ARMS”? “Order, ARMS”


The Stars and Stripes/ National Anthem

  1. What are the three different types of flags? Storm, Post, and Garrison

  2. What are the dimensions of the Storm flag and when is it displayed? 5ft x 9½ft and is displayed only during stormy or windy weather.

  3. What are the dimensions of the Post flag and when is it displayed? 10ft x 19ft and is displayed on days when it is not appropriate for the Garrison flag.

  4. What are the dimensions of the Garrison flag and when is it displayed? 20ft x 38ft and is displayed only on national holidays or special days or events proclaimed by the president.

  5. How should the flag be raised on a flagpole? Briskly(quickly)

  6. How should the flag be lowered on a flagpole? Ceremoniously(slowly)

  7. How should the flag be raised to half staff? Raised briskly to the top of the flagpole, then ceremoniously lowered to half staff.

  8. What does it mean when the flag is at half staff? In recognition of a deceased person or people.

  9. How many stars are on the flag and what do they represent? 50 stars for 50 states in the US.

  10. How many stripes are on the flag and what do they represent? 13 stripes for the original 13 colonies.

  11. How many folds are in a properly folded flag? 13

  12. What do the three sides of a folded flag represent? The caps worn by the patriots during the American Revolution.

  13. What is the name of the US national anthem? The Star Spangled Banner

  14. Who wrote the national anthem? Francis Scott Key

  15. Where was the national anthem written? The War of 1812/ The invasion of Fort McHenry

  16. When outdoors and in uniform, what actions are taken when the national anthem is played? Face the flag or if the flag is not visible, then face the source of the music and render the hand salute.

  17. When indoors and in uniform, what actions are taken when the national anthem is played? Face the flag or if the flag is not visible, then face the source of the music and stand at the position of attention unless you are under arms.

  18. What does the color blue on the American Flag represent? Justice, perseverance, and vigilance

  19. What does the color red on the American Flag represent? Hardiness and valor

  20. What does the color white on the American Flag represent? Purity and innocence


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The Past and Purpose of Army JROTC

  1. Who created a JROTC type program in Norwich, Vermont in 1819? Alden Partridge

  2. What was the name of Alden Partridge’s academy? Norwich University

  3. What act established JROTC? National Defense Act of 1916

  4. What was the original intent of JROTC when it was first established? Prepare cadets for the military

  5. What is the mission of JROTC now? To motivate young people to be better citizens

  6. Army JROTC is a stimulus for what? Graduating High School

Rank and Structure

  1. What are the three parts of the pyramid of authority? Chain of Command, Span of Control, and Unity of Command

  2. What are the two categories of ranks in JROTC? Enlisted and Officers

  3. What are the two main parts of Army JROTC enlisted ranks? Chevrons and Bars

  4. What are the different parts of Army JROTC officer ranks? Discs and Diamonds

Signs of Success

  1. What are the two different kinds of awards you can earn? Unit and Individual Awards

  2. Name an example of a unit award decoration: Honor Unit with Distinction

  3. What are the four different Institutional Awards? Academic, Military, Athletic, and Miscellaneous



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